African Troops in World War 1

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African Troops in World War I
« on: Mar 15th, 2008, 7:00am »
 

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds.
 
The Fall of America
CH. 38
3 One party is recorded as a beginning, while the other party is discontinued. We see this clearly being made manifest today. War causes the destruction of civilizations. Wars destroy the cities and towns of a nation. This chapter, 81, of the Holy Qur’an is now being fulfilled.
 
Message to the Blackman
CH.116
11 They have never practiced sincere love, according to their own history of war making, robbery, murder and exploitation among themselves. This is clear to you who see and understand.
15 “Behold, I will raise them out of the place where you have sold them and will return our recompence upon your own head”   (Joel 3:7).
16 The slave-masters of our fathers must reap what they have sown. Allah calls them to war in the ninth verse of the same chapter.
17 “Proclaim you among the Gentiles, prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all of the men of war draw near, let them come up” (Joel 3:9).
 
Message to the Blackman
Ch. 94
2…The love of self and self-respect along with the will to do something for self, if given a chance, will get you the respect of all civilized nations.
 
As-Salaam Alaikum 
 
African Troops in World War I
 
RECRUITMENT
 
World War I was also known as the “Great War” or the “European War.” But the rivalries and tensions that began the War soon spilled into Europe’s colonies in Asia and particularly in Africa.  
 
It’s not well known, but over a million African troops were recruited to serve in the First World War, with another million and a half Africans participating in the war effort in one way or another.
 
In the beginning, attracted by comparatively high wages, many Africans volunteered out of economic necessity. Other Africans were recruited under pressure from their chiefs who were themselves pressured by colonial authorities to provide manpower.
 
Continued…
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Re: African Troops in World War I
« Reply #1 on: Mar 15th, 2008, 7:02am »
 

…African People were recruited in a number of ways. One was through a direct appeal for volunteers. This happened first in Egypt, where peasants were attracted by the wages offered.
 
Another was recruitment through chiefs. The British enlisted the help of chiefs and left them to find the men however they could. Although officially nobody was supposed to be forced into signing up, inevitably they were.
 
A first hand account of what it was like to be recruited. As told by No.1475, a carrier who was recruited in 1914. Quoted in The African Contribution to the Second World War;
 
“We came back one night from our yam farm. The chief called us and handed us over to a government messenger. I didn’t know where we were going, but the chief and the messenger said that the white man had sent for us and we must go. After three days we reached the white man’s compound.
 
Plenty of others had arrived from other villages far away. And the white man wrote our names in a book. And tied a brass numbered ticket round our necks and gave each man a blanket and food.
 
Then he told us we were going to the Great War to help the king’s soldiers who were preventing the Germans coming to our country and burning it. We left and marched far into the bush. The government police led the way and allowed no man to stop behind.”
 
There was also forced recruitment under the British in northern Rhodesia. In the Congo, the Belgians forced 260,000 men to be porters carrying soldiers, equipment and provisions.
 
CONSCRIPTION
 
Men were also conscripted. In 1912, the French set about creating a permanent black army. There was compulsory military service for all African males. After the outbreak of the war, 14,785 troops were signed up in West Africa. Then in 1915-16, 50,000 more were recruited through chiefs.
 
In East Africa, the British instituted a compulsory service order in 1915 covering all males aged 18-45. This was extended to the Uganda Protectorate in April 1917.
 
Continued…
  75.13.58.11


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Re: African Troops in World War I
« Reply #2 on: Mar 15th, 2008, 7:04am »
 

…African troops under French command were combatant. The ‘tirailleurs’ in charge of artillery, with their distinctive red fezes, were famous. In 1918, Blaise Diagne, the Senegalese politician and the first African Deputy in the French Chamber of Deputies, was appointed High Commissioner of Recruitment of black troops.
 
In American WWI military PSYOP commander Captain Heber Blankenhorn mentions German leaflets that began…
 
To the colored soldiers of the U.S. Army: Hallo boys. What are you doing over here?
 
It went on to ask about the war for democracy in the land of Jim Crow cars and lynchings, adding an invitation to come to Germany where they liked colored citizens. It ended:
 
They enjoy exactly the same social privileges as every white man, and quite a number of colored people have mighty fine positions in business in Berlin.
 
This racial welcome is interesting because it shows the confusion among the German propagandists. They were already producing propaganda attacking the African soldiers among the French forces. They would do exactly the same thing in World War II.  
 
In a leaflet we discussed earlier they said, “but no sooner did England realize that she couldn’t beat the Germans even with the help of nearly all the rest of the savage and civilized world that she persuaded you that the Germans were ‘Huns’ and your deadly foes…” Who were these savages?  
 
They were the Arab and African colonial troops used by England and France. One wonders how the Germans justified calling the people of color “savages” in one leaflet while inviting them to come and live in Berlin in another.
 
The largest number of African troops, however, were raised by conscription or forced enlistment. France, which used African troops more extensively than any other European power, appointed an African Blaise Diagne, to the post of High Commissioner for recruitment of African troops.  
 
He exceeded his 40,000-man conscription goal, actually enlisting over 60,000. Diagne agreed to do this on condition that hospitals, schools, and medical facilities would be improved in West Africa and that France would extend broader civil and social rights to native Africans at the end of the war.  
 
The French, however, did not live up to their part of the bargain.
 
The French Army included 340,000 North Africans, at least 250,000 West Africans and 30,000 from the French West Indies. One regiment of Senegalese was among the most highly decorated in the French Army. A thousand Senegalese were shipped to a blood-soaked peninsula in Turkey called Gallipoli where 75% were killed or wounded in just 10 days.  
 
Unlike the British, the French did employ some blacks as high ranking officers. The Commander of the Air Defenses of Paris was a black officer, Sosthene Mortenol. While most African soldiers fought on the continent, about 170,000 served on Europe’s western front. By the end of the war, over 24,000 of these troops were reported killed and thousands were missing in action.
 
Continued…
  75.13.58.11


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Re: African Troops in World War I
« Reply #3 on: Mar 15th, 2008, 7:06am »
 

…Interestingly, the last troops to surrender in World War I were the black units fighting under the German Eagle against British forces in East Africa.
 

 

 
African Soldiers in World War One
 
These two photos were taken around the town of Noyon in North-east France, which as it happens is also the birth place of the Protestant reformer John Calvin.
 
 
http://alshaw.blogspot.com/2007/12/african-soldiers-in-world-war-one.htm l
 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/13chapte r1.shtml
 
http://www.psywarrior.com/GermanWWIPSYOPcont.html
 
http://www.3dpublishing.com/crgibbs/atropww1.htm
 
As-Salaam Alaikum
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